If you're looking for a list of developing countries, then you've come to the right place! We've put together a comprehensive list of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and High Income Countries (HICs), as well as the order in which they perform on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). You'll find the rankings of every country, along with their Gross National Income per capita and Human Development Index, among other factors.
Human development index
The Human development index is an indicator that is used to measure the social and economic development of a country. It was devised by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq in 1990 to re-emphasize people as the central criterion in assessing a country's progress.
Unlike the Gross national income, the Human Development Index measures many non-economic aspects of human development. This includes life expectancy at birth, education, and health.
Since 1990, the UN Development Program has compiled the Human Development Index annually. Using this information, it creates a global ranking. Although there are other complex indicators that measure these factors, the Human Development Index is the most widely used.
In the previous decade, there have been many notable changes in the world. For example, armed conflicts have ravaged nations like Libya and Yemen. AIDS and climate change have also shortened life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa.
As a result, the United Nations Development Programme has begun to implement a human development program. The purpose is to help countries develop lasting solutions for the planet. While the organization has limited resources, it aims to address issues such as poverty and inequality.
Among the factors determining human development are a long and healthy life, stable economic growth, increased investment in education, and reduction in poverty. In addition, environmental conditions and personal liberties are important.
As a result, the Human Development Index provides a better overall picture of a country's development. By comparing a country's achievements with those of others, it stimulates debate about government policy.
While the Human Development Index is not perfect, it can be a useful tool for evaluating a country's progress. But, it is not a complete index, and it does not take into account the effects of other factors.
Gross national income per capita per year
GNI is an unweighted average of all income earned by residents of a country. It is a useful indicator of a country's economic strength. Compared to GDP, GNI provides more detailed information on a country's economic performance.
However, it is important to note that both GNI and GDP are not always the same. They may be overestimated or underestimated, respectively.
The main criterion used by the World Bank to rank countries is Gross National Income per capita. This is the dollar value of a country's final income in a year, divided by the population. When comparing developing countries to developed ones, this is the key to understanding the differences.
A number of factors influence the calculation of the gross national income, including how much money the country earns and where it is earned. For example, the amount of money received from foreign companies or the income earned overseas by citizens are included in the calculation. These factors can vary wildly depending on the country.
Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) is another measure of income that takes into account the relative cost of living. The list of developing countries with GNI per capita is based on this method. In addition, it uses official numbers.
As a result, the results of the PPP calculation are a bit more accurate. Although the PP is not the only method used to determine a country's income, it is a good indicator.
Gross domestic product is a measure of the value of goods and services produced in a country in a given period. This is also a useful metric for determining whether a country is in the developed or developing category.
Least developed countries (LDCs)
Less Developed Countries (LDCs) are often defined as those countries that lack the resources to sustain economic growth. These are mainly agrarian nations that rely on agriculture. LDCs have been identified as the most vulnerable countries in the world.
Many of these countries have suffered from natural disasters that affect human mobility and food security. In addition, they are highly vulnerable to conflict dynamics. Currently, LDCs have experienced 70 percent of deaths from climate-related disasters over the last 50 years.
The United Nations lists more than 45 countries in the LDC category. They have high levels of poverty and are highly vulnerable to external factors. This is why the UN system has begun to pay attention to the specific needs of LDCs.
The least developed countries are typically located in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Although LDCs are generally poor, they have been experiencing some improvement in their lives over the past few decades. However, these countries face numerous challenges to sustainable development. Specifically, the LDCs are often caught in a vicious cycle of poverty.
The most significant characteristic of the LDCs is the high population growth. More than 1 billion people worldwide are living in extreme poverty. Those in extreme poverty live on less than $1.25 a day for shelter, food, and water.
People in LDCs are also very poor at saving money. While in advanced countries, people save up to 35 percent of their GDP, the poor in LDCs save up to only 15 percent of their GDP. There are also many unproductive assets in LDCs. Hence, the economy is not stable.
A large percentage of the population in LDCs is illiterate. Their children have outdated books, often in their primary language. Moreover, they have little or no access to medical care.
Order of developing countries by SDG performance
The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of 17 targets to improve the lives of people around the world. They address issues such as poverty, inequality and health. These goals also emphasize education, decent work and environmental sustainability.
The SDG Index is a tool for tracking countries' performance on the 17 SDGs. It was developed by SDSN and Bertelsmann Stiftung. It tracks how countries perform on the SDGs, as well as trends and changes over time.
The study used a wide variety of indicators to measure SDG performance. In total, sixteen data points were collected from various sources. Some of these include OECD, Eurostat and IAEG Global List of indicators. All measures were obtained using statistical software R.
A cross-matrix was used to detect how individual SDG priorities relate to each other at both global and regional scales. Results show that several trade-offs exist. Most rank order correlations are close to one. However, it is difficult to determine if the correlations are statistically significant. Moreover, future research could employ a different data set or use principal component analysis.
Among the top 20 countries, Western Europe takes four of the top five spots. Finland, Norway and Sweden lead the SDG Index. Other notable European nations are Spain, Luxembourg, Italy and Belgium.
Asia-Pacific nations rank 18th through 20th. The world's poorest countries are in the bottom half of the list. Despite their poverty, many African nations share a range of deficiencies.
High-income countries also face challenges in the areas of climate change mitigation, education, gender equality and income inequality. But many high-income countries are performing well in the area of economic development.
Overall, there is a great deal of debate about how to measure SDG performance. Many experts argue that there is no single metric that can accurately represent the true extent of SDG progress.
Human rights are in everyone's lane
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on December 10, 1948. It is a landmark document in the history of human rights. This declaration, in many ways, set the standard for all future human rights treaties.
Nevertheless, it's not as simple as announcing a universal human rights standard. Those who wish to make an impact in the field of human rights have to be prepared to tackle complex issues.
One of the most effective means of improving the lives of vulnerable populations is by improving their access to education. For this reason, the United States and several other nations have focused on this specific area.
Another is by recognizing the importance of religion. A number of states, especially those in Latin America and Eastern Europe, have emphasized the social welfare rights of their populations.
While the United States does not explicitly mention these topics, its government is not as keen on addressing the social problems of its citizens. On the other hand, cities are at the forefront of delivering on the urban agenda.
Aside from these practical accomplishments, the United Nations has made a number of attempts to encourage and protect these vital rights. These initiatives include the Human Rights Council, which was formally inaugurated on March 15, 2006. As the name implies, this body of international law is responsible for reviewing the implementation of all of the world's major human rights treaties.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the most important of these achievements. However, many of its provisions have yet to be fully implemented. So far, governments have not applied the document equally.